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Broncholitis Causes ,Symptoms ,Treatment

 

 What should you know about broncholitis ?How to treat bronciolitis?Broncholitis is related to bronchioles.The suffix "tis" is the sign of an inflammation.

The broncholes are small passages in the lungs.

Broncholitis can be defined as an inflammation that affect the tiny airways of the respiratory tract .

As the inflammation progresses,the airways become inflamed,swollen and filled with mucus leading to difficulty to breathe.

What king of persons are concerned by broncholitis?

The disease affects infants and young children under the age of 2, with a peak age of 3 to 6 months.It's easy to understand because of the small size of their respiratory tract.

It has been related that broncholitis is more common in males, infants who live in crowded conditions.

 

Causes of broncholitis:

The main cause is usually a viral infection.Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is generally found causing the disease.But it's possible to encounter other viruses like parainfluenza, influenza, and adenovirus.


Broncholitis:contamination mode

Transmission is made from person-to-person by direct contact with nasal secretions .

Facts linked to Broncholitis:

 

  • Season:fall and winter months.  
  • Age (less than 6 months old)  
  • Prematurity  
  • Weakened immune system  
  • Exposure to cigarette smoke  
  • Crowded living conditions

    Broncholitis symptoms:

Remember the common cold symptoms to remember the first symptoms of broncholitis.These are:

 

  • Cough, wheezing, shortness of breath
  • Stuffiness
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Mild cough
  • Rapid breathing (tachypnea)
  • Intercostal retractions
  • Nasal flaring in infants
  • Rapid, shallow breathing (60 to 80 times a minute)
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Signs of fatigue
  • Poor appetite,
  • Cyanosis:blue skin in the lips and fingernails.